The Fire & Emergency Services,
J&K was established in the year 1893 as Srinagar Fire
Brigade. Some of the town areas were also having their
fire brigades with few men. Earlier axes were used for
hewing planks and rafters of burning buildings and buckets
were used for throwing water. This was later replaced by
steam engines which were made operational by burning
firewood to heat up water and were taken to places on
carts pulled by firemen. The equipment was later replaced
by steam engines which were operated by burning fire wood
to heat up water and were taken to places on carts. The
department was initially having 05 Fire Stations and 60
Firemen and is the 3rd oldest Fire Brigade of the country
after Mumbai (1803) and Kolkata (1822). It is presently 4th largest
Fire Services of the country.
Some of the Fire Stations are
located in areas where the temperature falls below 30 Deg
C and the Services has the pride of having Fire Station
established at the highest altitude of 11500 ft at Leh
known as “Roof of the World”. The motto of the Services is “We serve to save”.
The department has been renamed as “Fire and Emergency Services, J&K” vide Govt. Order No.Home-196 (Fire) of 2004 dated 08.06.2004.
Thus the sphere of the duties has been enhanced from
rescue and fire fighting to disaster management, Search
and Rescue from earthquakes, flash floods, land/mud
slides, avalanches, catastrophes and conflagrations, road
& rail accidents and Air crashes, under-water rescue
besides manmade disasters like war, air raids, bomb blasts
are added challenges for Fire & Emergency
Services. Main operations include:
- Fire Fighting.
- Disaster Management.
- War.Air Raids etc
- Bomb Blasts
The Fire & Emergency
Services, J&K is presently spread over 173 Fire &
Emergency Stations all over the State.